PNEMO-SN1 - An observatory of EMSO Western Ionian
The area is prone to numerous natural hazards due to high seismicity and the presence of Mount Etna, one of the biggest and active volcanoes in Europe. The region experiences earthquakes and tsunamis due to the collision between African and European plates. Western Ionian is also a key site for the oceanographic circulation between the Eastern and Western Mediterranean Sea through the Messina Strait and the Sicily Channel. Besides, Western Ionian is a test site for the construction of an underwater neutrino telescope (KM3NET).